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诗歌,给生命赋予意义的容器——2021年度“1573国际诗歌奖”颁奖词

作者:吉狄马加 发布时间:2021-10-21 原出处:彝族人网
yizuren.com,始建于2001年。

中国作家协会副主席、书记处书记、“1573国际诗歌奖”评委会主席 吉狄马加

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在世界诗歌的版图上,法国诗歌无可争议的占有重要的位置,就具有共同诗歌传统的欧洲而言,当然我们所指的这个传统主要是从古希腊开始的以抒情诗和英雄史诗为源头的精神谱系,撇开这个因素就法语诗歌本身来看,它在西方诗歌中无疑也是雄踞鳌头的重要一极,法国诗歌给我们带来的惊奇和感动,不仅仅是在思想和内容上的不断翻新,而这种翻新往往与法兰西民族在不同的历史节点上的联系都是极为紧密的,这种联系从一开始就是其历史和现实的最真实的反映,更重要的是身处这个场域的所有诗人,都在不同的道路上对诗歌的形式和语言,进行了几乎是穷尽其全部可能的多维度的探索,从波德莱尔、马拉美、兰波、洛特雷阿蒙、瓦雷里、圣琼·佩斯、勒内·夏尔、亨利·米肖、博纳富瓦、吉尔维克等,法国诗歌总是在通向未来的道路上不断书写着既属于它的历史,同样也是现代世界诗歌的历史,尤其是二十世纪以来,令人难忘的属于法兰西诗歌的声音可谓此起彼伏,肇始于巴黎的超现实主义运动,不仅仅影响了法国诗歌多种探索的方向,作为一种文化思潮,其影响还延伸到了绘画、电影及其其它艺术领域,如果说20世纪有哪一种跨国界的艺术运动深度的影响了世界,毫无疑问超现实主义将无可争议的列于其中。从语言和形式上“高强度”的历险,再到从不同方位所进行的皆有可能的“先锋”实验,如同一条浩瀚而又支流纵横的河流,法语诗歌也因其灿若群星的诗歌天才们的伟大创造,才给我们从真正意义上进入法兰西民族的心灵提供了可能,这是一座由词语和意象所构筑的光辉的圣殿,通往这里的是连接着四面八方的一条条隐秘的道路,当然是诗人的召唤这个地球上热爱诗歌的人们才能心有所愿的来到这里。

或许这就是法国诗歌的魅力,就是直到今天法语诗歌的能量仍然保持着旺盛的后续力,尽管现代诗歌正经历着消费和技术的挤压,从整体上看,法国现代诗歌正在逐渐进入一个较为平稳的时期,但是尽管这样,仍然有许多富有探索性和创造力的诗人,在抑或已经被资本和媒体边缘化的情形下,还是义无反顾的活在持久而强烈的诗性中,让·彼埃尔·西梅翁(Jean-Pierre Simeon)就是这批写作者中最具有代表性的诗人之一。

在当代法国诗歌史上,让·彼埃尔·西梅翁更像是一位承前启后的人物,他曾经历过法国现代诗由极盛到逐渐转弱的一个阶段,其创作无疑受到过来自多方面的影响,法国现代诗歌传统中的含蓄与张力、狂野与沉思、冥想与开阔、空白与存在都在他的创作中被多角度的呈现。他似乎在自己的写作中去冷却充满了热度的语言,但作为一个具有内在抒情气质的诗人,他诗歌的抒情性无一例外还是从更深的内部涌现给了我们,但最为可贵的是,哪怕他的诗歌承载着多重的内容和思索,但语言的纯粹、干净和透明依然是他不变的高贵的品质,从《致挚爱的女人的信》所透露并展现出的节奏和意蕴,除了能看到其天性的好奇,同时也能看到他对生命和爱情的敏感,当然从更本质的角度来看,让·彼埃尔·西梅翁从没有遗忘过对死亡的思考,生命的极乐如白驹过隙,生与死的对立和转换一直是他诗歌的另一个主题。作为一个行动的诗人,他的诗歌并非是社会性写作的更为直接的反映,而是他在拥抱纷纭复杂的社会生活时,所迸发出来的对公平和正义的追求,以及对弱者和穷人油然而生的爱和同情,诗歌和诗人的统一在某些时候依然很重要,让·彼埃尔·西梅翁相信美好人性中所具有的包容和理解的力量,他认为诗歌就是某种“儿童混沌思想”,并认为这一切都来源于生命个体的切身感受,作为人道和美善的保卫者,无论是在精神创造还是在现实生活中,他都对人性中的恶和社会的不公抱有足够的警醒。作为一个真正意义上的抒情诗人,让·彼埃尔·西梅翁的全部作品,为我们提供了当代法国现代诗歌中的一个精彩的侧面,当然这个侧面让我们看到了真理的微光,爱情的地平线,人性中最温暖的吟唱,以及诗歌对这个世界的拯救,有鉴于此,我们将2021年度“1573国际诗歌奖”颁发给当代法兰西诗歌的杰出代表之一让·彼埃尔·西梅翁。

2021年10月15日


Poetry, A Vessel that Endows Life with Meaning

For the presentation of the 2021 “1573 International Poetry Award”

Jidi Majia

Vice-Chairman and Secretariat of the Chinese Writers Association

Chairman of the “1573 International Poetry Award” Selection Committee

French poetry indisputably occupies a vital position on the map of world poetry. Insofar as Europe has a common poetic tradition, that tradition originates primarily in the spiritual genealogy of Greek lyric poetry and the heroic epics. Setting this aside, however, French poetry represents one essential locus of Western poetry. French poetry amazes and moves us. It is not only continually renewing itself in terms of its thinking and content, but this renewal is usually intimately connected to specific moments in the history of the French people, and this connection represents a genuine reflection of history and the contemporaneous realities. Throughout, most important were the poets of the time, who chose different ways of exploring the possibilities of form and language to the greatest multidimensional depths. From the work of Baudelaire to Mallarmé, Rimbaud, Comte de Lautréamont, Valéry, Saint-Jean Perse, René Char, Henri Michaux, Bonnefoy, Eugène Guillevic and many others, French poetry has always faced toward the future while offering an unbroken written record of its own history, which is also the history of contemporary world poetry, particularly that of the twentieth century and beyond. Unforgettable French poetic voices have risen in wave after wave initiated by Surrealism, a Parisian cultural movement that not only influenced the many different exploratory paths that French poetry took, but also influenced the fine arts, film, and other artistic arenas as an ideological undertaking. If there can be said to have been transnational art movements that profoundly influenced the world during the twentieth century, there is no doubt that Surrealism would count as one. With “high intensity” adventures in language and form, and with avant-garde experimentation undertaken from every possible orientation, like a mighty river with many tributaries, French poetry has relied on the great creations of its gifted poetry stars to bring us into the psyche of the French people. A radiant palace constructed from words and images, it is crisscrossed elaborately with many secret paths. Of course, it is the poets’ summons that allows lovers of poetry across the globe to enter. 

This perhaps accounts for the magnetism of French poetry, and even in the present day, it retains its exuberance and vitality. Although poetry today is experiencing pressures from consumerism and technology, in general modern French poetry has slowly entered a period of stability. Nevertheless, there are still many experimental and highly creative poets, who have perhaps been subject to the deformations of capitalism and the media, and yet who persist in living intensely poetic lives. Jean-Pierre Siméon is an premier example of one such writer. 

Jean-Pierre Siméon serves as a link between the past and the future within contemporary French poetry. He experienced the heyday of modern French poetry along with its gradual decline, and his work is clearly influenced by many different aspects of that tradition: its implicitness and tensions, wildness and contemplation, thoughtfulness and expansiveness, openness and existential nature all manifest themselves in different ways in his work. Siméon seems to cool overheated language in his writing. He is a lyrical writer by temperament, but without exception the lyricism in his poetry is drawn from great depths. Most valuable is that even though his poetry must bear the weight of diverse content and contemplations, his language maintains an impressive quality of purity, cleanness, and transparency. In the rhythms and implications revealed in his Letter to a Beloved Woman on the Subject of Death, one can sense not only his instinctual curiosity, but also his sensitivity to life and love. Of course, on the most intrinsic level, Siméon never forgets the consideration of death; the delights of life are fleeting and another theme of his poetry has always been the oppositions and transformations between life and death. As a poet of action, his poetry is not a direct response to social issues; rather, in embracing the complexities of life in society, he pursues fairness and justice, and displays a spontaneous affection and sympathy for the less fortunate. A unity between the poet and poetry is still at times very important, and Siméon trusts in the power of forgiveness and understanding within the goodness in human nature. He believes poetry is a kind of “childlike innocent thinking,” and that it originates from the direct experiences an individual has in the course of a lifetime. Whether in terms of spiritual creation or ordinary life, as a defender of humanitarianism and goodness, he is always on the alert against the evil in human nature and social injustice. As a true lyric poet, Siméon’s oeuvre offers us one magnificent aspect of contemporary French poetry, showing us truth’s glimmer, love’s horizons, the warmest recitation of human nature, and the deliverance that poetry offers to this world. For all of these contributions, we are delighted to present the “1573 International Poetry Award” to one of the most outstanding representatives of contemporary French poetry, Jean-Pierre Siméon.

October 15, 2021

文字供稿:阿索拉毅;图片:来自中新网。特此致谢!

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